Sanding an existing wood floor usually consists of (2 - 4) passes. Each
pass is done with a different grit of sand paper, with a final pass
using a very fine 100 - 120 grit, depending on the type of wood being
sanded. We stock sandpapers with grits of: 16, 24, 36, 40, 50, 60, 80,
100 and 120. The lower the number the coarser the grit. Our professional
refinishers select the proper combination of sandpapers needed for the
Our high quality stains come in a variety of shades and patinas. They
are designed to penetrate and seal the wood, while adding luxurious
color. A coat of stain takes the place of a polyurethane coat. Example:
one coat of stain with two coats of polyurethane is needed to complete a
finishing job. A natural finish takes three coats of polyurethane with
no stain coat.
We use two types of polyurethane sealers:
- Oil based: 90% of the finishing jobs use an oil base poly, which
has a light honey patina that adds to the beauty of the wood and
brings out the natural woodgrain patterns.
- Water Based: Usually a clear finish that enhances the beauty of
the grain without adding any color. Water based is used in
situations where a light colored wood needs to meld into the
decorating scheme of the room. Note: there is a water based poly
available that does add a slight amber tone to the wood.
The Finishing Process:
Generally, finishing a hardwood floor takes three coats applied over a
period of three days, however, if humidity levels are high, it could
take an additional day to complete the process.
After the floors are sanded and cleaned, we apply the first coat of
either stain or polyurethane (depending upon the desired finish). We
allow the coat to dry over night and when it is sufficiently hard, we
lightly sand the coat with a fine grit sandpaper (100 - 120 grit) to
knockdown the grain, and to create a surface that will allow the next
coat to adhere properly. The second coat of polyurethane is applied and
allowed to dry overnight. The process is continued until all three coats
have been applied leaving a beautiful hardwood floor that will last for